The Best Stud For Every Football Pitch Type​

October 1, 2020

Picking the right boot stud type for your playing surface is probably one of the most important things you can do to have an impact on your match. If it’s raining and you’re wearing plastics, you’ll be slipping all over the place. Likewise wearing your six-studs on astroturf is going to leave you with some pretty serious ankle injuries.

Football boots are generally classified under the following types of stud.

Firm-Ground (FG)

These are the most widely-used boots and are generally adaptable to any condition, aside from the extremes. Firm-ground boots (or FG) have fixed plastic blades, generally ranging from about 10-12 in number. They come in different shapes and sizes depending on the brand of shoe.

This is the first boot you should have in your collection as it’ll generally get you through most conditions and pitch types, even if it’s not the ideal shoe for some of them.

Ideal Pitches: dry & firm grass

Not recommended (but usable on): wet grass, 3G Astroturf
Not for use on: indoor hardwood, 2G astroturf

Molded Studs

Often falling into the firm-ground category, moulded studs (round shorter studs) are usually best on dry pitches. Moulded boots tend to have more and shorter studs than other football boots, making them less effective at digging into the ground but providing better support over a wider area.

Ideal Pitches: dry – firm grass,
Not recommended (but usable on): 3G astroturf
Not for use on: 2G astroturf, wet & soft grass, indoor hardwood

Soft-Ground (SG/SG-Pro)

With technological advancements, there’s now a few different variations on soft-ground boots. Originally, the soft-ground boot started with six metal spikes – garnering the nickname: six-stud. The reasoning behind creating six longer metal spikes (as opposed to the FG configuration where there is less force and pressure on each stud), the six spikes allow maximum penetration into the ground.

With input from the pros, some boots now have both longer metal and shorter plastics spikes on the SG boots (Nike calls this the SG-Pro soleplate). Whereas the purely SG soleplate can be unstable (think surface area again), the combination of studs makes these boots ideal for soft-ground but with the stability of more surface area.

This boot is crucial to anyone looking to avoid crucial slips (sorry Stevie!) while playing in wet and muddy outdoor conditions. It should not be used on harder, firm ground due to the risk of injury.

Ideal Pitches: wet & soft grass
Not for use on: indoor hardwood, 2G & 3G astroturf, dry & firm grass


The third type of football boot necessary for any player to have in their arsenal is a good pair of astroturf boots. Astroturf boots have low-profile soles to reduce slipping, and usually feature more cushioning in the heel than traditional boots

The studs on astroturf boots are generally very shallow, rubber spikes no longer than a few millimetres in length.

Ideal Pitches: 2G & 3G Astroturf
Not for use on: indoor hardwood, grass


Indoor Shoes
The shoe for the Futsal and indoor players. Used for hardwood and gym floors, the indoor shoe featured a gum-rubber sole that has both strong grip and non-marking properties.

Ideal Pitches: indoor hardwoord
Not recommended (but usable on): 2G & 3G astroturf

Not for use on: grass

Artificial Grass (AG)

AG boots are made with shorter, hollow studs for use on artificial ground surfaces. The stud shape and design allows for more grip on the harder surface, with less strain on the joints and knees.

Ideal Pitches: 3G astroturf
Not recommended (but usable on): 2G astroturf, dry & firm grass
Not for use on: wet & soft grass, indoor hardwood

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